Nuruosmaniye Mosque

Nuruosmaniye Camii

The beginning of the 18th century in the Ottoman Empire saw the emergence of European baroque style. A magnificent Nuruosmaniye Mosque is a bright example of Ottoman baroque. It is distinguished from traditional Istanbul mosques by its rich finish of external walls, covered with arabesques (an oriental ornament with vegetable and geometrical elements), decorated tops of minarets and a large niche in the central nave with three entrance doors. The light permeates through 174 baroque windows, with the main dome decorated by more than thirty windows. According to tradition, the first Koran sura is depicted on a wide friso inside the building. The mosque has a semi-circular courtyard without a traditional ablution fountain.

Construction of the mosque started in 1748 during the reign of Sultan Mahmud I and finished in 1755 during the reign of Sultan Osman III. Traditionally, the mosque was given the name of its founder, but Sultan Mahmud I died before its completion. His successor, Osman III, named the mosque Nuruosmaniye (from Turkish "Sacred light of Osman"). According to another legend, the name of the mosque is related to the verse from sura "God is the light of the sky and the earth"), which is inscribed on the inner side of the dome. The religious complex consists of the mosque, a medrese, an imaret, a tomb of Osman III’s mother, a fountain near the entrance to the Grand Bazaar and a library with valuable manuscripts in the Ottoman, Arabic and Persian languages.

Address: Molla Fenari Mh., Vezirhan Cad.
How to reach: Çemberlitaş (TR1)
Coordinates: 41.010222, 28.970512