Palatine Hill


The Palatine Hill is the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city. Recent excavations show that first people had lived on the Palatine Hill since approximately 1000 BC. According to Roman mythology it was the location where legendary Romulus and Remus were found by the she-wolf and where later Romulus after establishing the city killed his twin brother Remus. Just imagine that somewhere on the territory of the Palatine Hill there is the sacred cave of the she-wolf with the spring and the fig tree under which according to a legend a basket with the infant twins was found and later Romulus’s hut was built. Palatine Hill witnessed construction of luxurious palaces and their decay with the time.

The first residence on the Palatine Hill was constructed by the future emperor Augustus, the so-called House of Augustus. One building on the Palatine Hill is believed to be the House of Livia, the third wife of Augustus. The remains of this building can be still seen today. Many affluent Romans constructed their palaces on the Palatine Hill – Tiberius, closer to the Forum – Caligula. Overlooking the Roman Forum is the Domus Flavia, the magnificent building, residential imperial complex before the capital was moved from Rome to Byzantine Empire. This residential complex occupied 5 ha together with the Stadium of Domitian (160 m х 50 m). The fifth and the last palace on the Palatine Hill was the palace of Septimius Severus built at the foot of the Hill. Currently ruins of this palace hang over Via di San Gregorio.

Palatine Hill was destroyed by Barbarians and began to be revived only in the XI century though nothing was left of the former magnitude. In the XVI century the Farnese family acquired the northern part of the Palatine Hill, built a magnificent mansion and laid out the Farnese Gardens, the first private botanical gardens in Europe. Contemporary Palatine Hill is the historical landmark of Rome that can be visited along with the Colosseum and the Roman Forum using single ticket.

Address: Piazza di Santa Maria Nova
Opening hours: 2 Jan – 15 Feb, last Sun of Oct - 31 Dec 8.30 am – 4.30 pm; 16 Feb -15 Mar 8.30 am – 5 pm; 16 Mar – last Sun of Mar 8.30 am – 5.30 pm; last Sun of Mar – 31 Aug 8.30 am – 7.15 pm; 1-30 Sep 8.30 am – 7 pm; 1 Oct – last Sun of Oct 8.30 am – 6.30 pm
How to reach: metro Colosseo
Coordinates: 41.88783, 12.4897