Roman Forum

Foro Romano

Roman Forum is one of the major landmarks of the ancient Rome, the centre of public life with numerous adjacent buildings and facilities. Roman Forum dates back to the times of the first Roman emperors, approximately to the VII century BC. Originally the site of the Forum was marshy and was used as burial grounds. After the wetland was drained and large sewer system was constructed, territory of the Forum began to develop. It turned into the trading, judicial, religious and political centre of the city. Besides basilicas, temples and porticos here statues and monuments commemorated the city's great men. During the Roman Republic it also became the execution site. Eventually much economic and judicial business would transfer away from the Roman Forum to the larger and more extravagant structures of the new imperial forums. Unfortunately only a few ruins are left of those forums. The new golden age of the Roman Forum fell on the times of emperors Maxentius and Constantine who built the Basilica of Maxentius, the last monumental edifice of antique Rome.

With adoption of Christianity some of the old edifices within the Forum began to be transformed into Christian churches and new were built (the church of Santa Maria en Miranda in the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina). In the Middle Ages the Forum was falling apart, it was filled with rocks washed down the slopes of the hills. It was even used for pasture. Large excavation works began at the Forum in the XIX century. Tourists can visit the museum of the Forum (Antiquarium Forense di Roma) that is located in the four rooms of the church of the Santa Mari Nova convent. The museum was established at the beginning of the XX century and contains large number of documents telling about the surveys at the Forum, archaeological monuments, sculptures, objects from necropolis, basilicas and so on.

Address: Foro Romano, Via della Salaria Vecchia, 5/6
Opening hours: 2 Jan – 15 Feb, last Sun of Oct - 31 Dec 8.30 am – 4.30 pm; 16 Feb -15 Mar 8.30 am – 5 pm; 16 Mar – last Sun of Mar 8.30 am – 5.30 pm; last Sun of Mar – 31 Aug 8.30 am – 7.15 pm; 1-30 Sep 8.30 am – 7 pm; 1 Oct – last Sun of Oct 8.30 am – 6.30 pm
How to reach: metro Colosseo
Coordinates: 41.892414, 12.485295